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ATi Mach Series

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The ATi Mach line was a series of 2D computer graphics accelerators for personal computers developed by ATi Technologies. It became an extension (and eventual successor) to the [wiki]Hardware:ATi Wonder Series[/wiki] of cards. The first chip in the series was the ATi Mach8. It was essentially a clone of the IBM 8514/A with a few notable extensions such as Crystal fonts. Being one of the first graphics accelerator chips on the market, the Mach8 did not have an integrated VGA core. In order to use the first Mach8 coprocessor cards, a separate VGA card was required. This made ownership considerably expensive. A temporary solution was presented with the ATi Graphics Ultra/Vantage cards, which combined an ATi 8514 Ultra and VGA Wonder+ into a single card (though using discrete ICs, and still somewhat costly). The Mach32 chip was the follow up to the Mach8, which finally featured an integrated VGA core, true colour support and a 64-bit datapath to internal memory.
[h="2"]Models[/h]
[h="3"]Mach 8[/h]
  • 16-bit GUI 2D computer graphics accelerator
  • Support for 16 (4-bit) and 256 (8-bit) colour modes
  • Support for Crystal Fonts
  • Memory interface: 16-bit
  • 100% compatible with IBM 8514/A
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! Release !! Port !! Name !! Chipset !! Memory !! Display modes !! I/O !! Notes !! Photo
|-
| 1991 || ISA,MCA || 8514 Ultra || Mach8 || 512KB or 1MB VRAM || Mach8 Accelerated Graphics,8514/A || Analogue VGA/SVGA || IBM 8514/A clone, support for up to 8-bit colour modes||
[wiki="Image:8514ultra.jpg"]200px|right|frameless|ATi 8514 Ultra (VRAM)[/wiki]
|-
| 1991 || ISA,MCA || 8514 Vantage || Mach8 || 512KB or 1MB DRAM || Mach8 Accelerated Graphics,8514/A || Analogue VGA/SVGA || ||
[wiki="Image:8514vantage.jpg"]200px|right|frameless|ATi 8514 Vantage (DRAM)[/wiki]
|-
| 1991 || ISA,MCA || 8514 Graphics Ultra || Mach8 || 512KB or 1MB VRAM, 256KB or 512KB DRAM for VGA || CGA,EGA,VGA,Mach8 Accelerated Graphics,8514/A || Analogue VGA/SVGA || VGAWonder 2 (28800) graphics core with dedicated DRAM, essentially a VGA Wonder+ and 8514 Ultra on the same PCB ||
[wiki="Image:Graphicsultra.jpg"]190px|right|frameless|ATi Graphics Ultra (VRAM)[/wiki]
|-
| 1991 || ISA,MCA || 8514 Graphics Vantage || Mach8 || 512KB or 1MB DRAM, 256KB or 512KB DRAM for VGA || CGA,EGA,VGA,Mach8 Accelerated Graphics,8514/A || Analogue VGA/SVGA || VGAWonder 2 (28800) graphics core with dedicated DRAM, essentially a VGA Wonder+ and 8514 Vantage on the same PCB || [wiki="Image:Graphicsvantage.jpg"]190px|right|frameless|ATi Graphics Vantage (DRAM)[/wiki]
|-
| 1992 || ISA || VGAWonder GT || Mach8 || 512KB or 1MB VRAM, 256KB or 512KB DRAM for VGA || CGA,EGA,VGA,Mach8 Accelerated Graphics,8514/A || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Repackaged Graphics Ultra,comes with 1MB + 512KB VGA standard ||
|-
[h="3"]Mach 32[/h]
  • 32-bit GUI 2D computer graphics accelerator with basic DOS support
  • Limited VESA BIOS Extensions support
  • Support for 15 bbp, 16 bbp and 24 bbp colour modes added
  • Memory interface: 64-bit
  • Integrated VGA core
  • Supports for all graphics modes of the VGA Wonder+
  • 100% compatible with IBM 8514/A
The Mach 32 chip was used on the following ATI products:
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! Release !! P/N !! Name !! Port !! Memory !! RAMDAC !! Maximum Resolution !! I/O !! Notes !! Photo
|-
| 1992 || 109-23400-00 (VLB),109-25400-00 (PCI) || Graphics Wonder || ISA,VLB,PCI || 1 or 2MB DRAM || ATT20C490-80, BT481AKPJ110 || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Low end RAMDAC || [wiki="Image:GraphicsWonder.jpg"]300px|center|frameless|ATi Graphics Wonder VLB(DRAM)[/wiki]
|-
| 1992 || 109-00193-40 (ISA), 109-22900-20 (VLB)|| Graphics Ultra+ || ISA || 1 or 2MB DRAM || ATI68875 || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || High end RAMDAC || [wiki="Image:Ultraplus.jpg"]225px|center|frameless|ATi Graphics Ultra Plus (DRAM)[/wiki]
|-
| 1992 || || Graphics Ultra CLX || VLB || 2MB DRAM || ATI68875 || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || OEM product. Basically a Graphics Ultra+ for VESA local bus. Said to come only in 2MB configurations ||
|-
| 1992 || 109-00189-40 (ISA),109-23000-10 (PCI) || Graphics Ultra Pro || ISA,EISA,MCA,VLB,PCI || 1 or 2MB VRAM || ATI68875 || 1280x1024x256, 1024x768x64K, 800x600x16.7M || Analogue VGA/SVGA, bus mouse (ISA,VLB) || Similar to a Mach8 with integrated VGA and support for higher colour depths || [wiki="Image:Mach32pci.jpg"]225px|center|frameless|Mach32 PCI(VRAM)[/wiki]
|-
| 1992 || 109-00195-30 (VLB)|| Graphics Ultra XLR || ISA?,VLB,PCI? || 1 or 2MB VRAM || ATI68830P-85 || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || cost reduced OEM Version of Ultra Pro, low end DAC, no bus mouse interface. Often equipped with only 1MB|| [wiki="Image:Ultraproxlr.jpg"]300px|center|frameless|ATi Graphics Ultra Pro XLR[/wiki]
|-
[h="3"]Mach 64[/h]
Released: 1994
  • 64-bit GUI accelerator with basic DOS support
  • Limited VESA VBE support
  • Video memory: 1, 2, 4 or 8 MiB DRAM, VRAM, or [wiki="Dynamic random access memory#Synchronous graphics RAM .28SGRAM.29"]SGRAM[/wiki]
  • Memory interface: 64-bit
  • Port: ISA, VLB, PCI
  • Variants:
    • "Mach64 CX/210888" - Original chipset, uncommon (up to 2 MB DRAM, or 4 MB VRAM)
    • "Mach64 GX/210888GX" - Enhanced video playback capabilities
    • "Mach64 ET/210888ET" - Embedded???
    • "Mach64 CT/264CT - Cost-reduced Mach64 with integrated RAMDAC and clock chip (up to 2 MB DRAM)
    • "Mach64 VT/264VT - AMC connector (Support for TV-tuner)
    • "Mach64 GT/264GT [wiki="ATI Rage"]3D Rage[/wiki]" - 3D capabilities
    • "Mach64 GT-B/264GT-B [wiki="ATI Rage II"]3D Rage II[/wiki] - SDRAM & SGRAM support(up to 8 MB)
    • "Mach64 LT/264LT" - Low-power mobile version of Mach64 GT
Mach64 GX Family:
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! Release !! P/N !! Name !! Port !! Memory !! RAMDAC !!Maximum Resolution !! I/O !! Notes !! Photo
|-
| 1994 || 109-19301-10 (ISA) || Graphics Xpression || ISA,VLB,PCI || 1 or 2MB DRAM || ATT20C408-13, CH8398 || || Analogue VGA/SVGA, bus mouse (ISA) || Two different RAMDACs available || [wiki="Image:GraphicsExpression.jpg"]225px|center|frameless|ATi Graphics Expression ISA[/wiki]
|-
| 1994 || || Graphics Pro Turbo|| ISA,VLB,PCI || 2 or 4MB VRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Fastest ATi card produced for ISA and VLB. Upgrade module is fairly uncommon and highly sought after. || [wiki="Image:proTurbo.jpg"]300px|center|frameless|ATi Graphics Pro Turbo (VRAM)[/wiki]
|-
| 1994 || || WinTurbo || ISA,VLB,PCI || 1 or 2MB VRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Cost reduced Graphics Pro Turbo ||
|-
| 1994 || || Graphics Pro Turbo 1600 || PCI || 2 or 4MB VRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA, bus mouse (ISA) || High-End RAMDAC ||
|-
| 1994 || || XCLAIM GA || PCI || 2 or 4MB VRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Macintosh version || [wiki="Image:xclaimga.jpg"]225px|center|frameless|ATi XClaim GA[/wiki]
|-
| 1994 || 109-27800-10 || ??? || VLB || 2 or 4MB DRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Rare, prototype, unreleased? || [wiki="Image:Mach64vlbdram4mb.jpg"]300px|center|frameless|ATi Mach64 (4MB PCB?, prototype?) (DRAM)[/wiki]
|-
Mach64 CT Family:
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! Release !! P/N !! Name !! Port !! Memory !! RAMDAC !!Maximum Resolution !! I/O !! Notes !! Photo
|-
| || || WinBoost || PCI || 1 or 2MB DRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA, bus mouse (ISA) || ||
|-
| || || WinCharger || PCI || 2MB DRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Cost reduced Mach64GX (integrated RAMDAC) || [wiki="Image:Mach64ct.jpg?"]250px|center|frameless|ATI WinCharger[/wiki]
|-
Mach64 VT Family:
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! Release !! P/N !! Name !! Port !! Memory !! RAMDAC !!Maximum Resolution !! I/O !! Notes !! Photo
|-
| || || Video Charger || PCI || EDO DRAM || Integrated || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Shares PCB with 3D Xpression || [wiki="Image:Mach64vt.jpg?"]250px|center|frameless|ATI Video Charger[/wiki]
|-
| || || Video Xpression (VT2) || PCI || EDO DRAM || Integrated || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Shares PCB with 3D Xpression || [wiki="Image:Mach64vt2.jpg?"]250px|center|frameless|ATI Video Xpression[/wiki]
|-
| || || Video Xpression+ (VT4) || PCI || EDO DRAM || Integrated || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || || [wiki="Image:Mach64vt4.jpg?"]250px|center|frameless|ATI Video Xpression+[/wiki]
|-
Mach64 GT Family:
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! Release !! P/N !! Name !! Port !! Memory !! RAMDAC !!Maximum Resolution !! I/O !! Notes !! Photo
|-
| 1995 || || 3D Xpression || PCI || 2MB EDO DRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || The only card based on the original Rage I chipset || [wiki="Image:3dxpression.jpg"]250px|center|frameless|ATi 3D Xpression[/wiki]
|-
Mach64 GT-B Family:
cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" border="1" class="wikitable sortable"
! Release !! P/N !! Name !! Port !! Memory !! RAMDAC !!Maximum Resolution !! I/O !! Notes !! Photo
|-
| 1996 || || 3D Charger (PC2TV) || PCI || 2 or 4MB EDO DRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || || [wiki="Image:3dcharger.jpg"]250px|center|frameless|ATi 3D Charger (+PC2TV??!)[/wiki]
|-
| 1996 || || 3D XPRESSION+ (PC2TV) || PCI || 2 or 4MB SDRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA, Composite/S-Video || Television Output || [wiki="Image:Xpressionplus.jpg"]250px|center|frameless|ATi 3D Xpression+ PC2TV[/wiki]
|-
| 1996 || || 3D Pro Turbo (PC2TV) || PCI || 2,4,6 or 8MB SGRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA, Composite/S-Video || Television Output || [wiki="Image:3dproturbo.jpg"]250px|center|frameless|ATi 3D Pro Turbo PC2TV)[/wiki]
|-
| 1996 || || Xclaim VR || PCI || 2,4,6 or 8MB SGRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Macintosh Version, Video-In Video-Out ||
|-
| 1996 || || Xclaim 3D || PCI || 4 or 8MB SGRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Macintosh Version ||
|-
| 1996 || || All-In-Wonder || PCI || SDRAM || || || Analogue VGA/SVGA || Built in TV Tuner || [wiki="Image:Ati_wonder.jpg"]250px|center|frameless|ATi 3D Pro Turbo PC2TV)[/wiki]
|-
Important Note: The 3D Rage and 3D Rage II chips were also known as Mach64 GT and Mach64 GT-B respectively. The Mach64 moniker was eliminated with introduction of the 3D Rage Pro.
[h="2"]External links[/h]
[wiki]Category:ATi Technologies[/wiki]
[wiki]Category:ISA cards[/wiki]
 
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